Yes, the Easter long weekend is over, but it’s not all doom and gloom. We’ve relocated your midday Monday antidote to today, which means you can settle into the next 4 days of work with ease, and a selection of pointless yet awesome facts to annoy your co-workers with.
Whether you’re looking to change up your breakie routine and ditch the hipster barista, relive your childhood Unicorn fantasies, figure out if your girlfriend’s evil cat has the ability to clone itself, or just start want to start eating and living right, then read on for more useless and interesting mindnumbers.
#1 Healthy International Breakfasts
Sick of your overpriced avo on toast? After 6+ hours or sleep, your body needs an injection of nutrients to fire up its metabolism and return to full operating capacity. Take a cue from these countries’ breakfast routines and start your day the right way, via TIME.
Turkey – Meze-style dishes with olives (good for heart health) tomato, white cheese, parsley and lemon, followed by eggs, honey, cubanelle peppers, cucumbers, garlic sausage, and savoury pastries.
Israel – Shakshouka, eggs poached in a tomato and vegetable sauce with finely chopped tomatoes, red onion, parsley, coriander, cucumbers, and red or green peppers. Cheese, olives and yoghurt also feature and make the meal low in saturated fat and high in monounsaturated fat, dietary fibres, calcium, riboflavin, and phosphorus.
Vietnam – A steaming bowl of breakfast Pho with vegetables and herbs like coriander, bean sprouts, mint, spring onion, lime, roasted peanuts and chilli, as well as bone broth which can help seal holes in the intestines.
Costa Rica – Black beans, packed full of iron, zinc, potassium, thiamin and folate, along with rice, spiced with cumin, pepper, and garlic, eggs and vitamin-rich fruits like mango, pineapple, papaya and plantains are eaten in Costa Rica, known as a long-living country.
Iceland – Hafragrautur is an oatmeal porridge cooked in water or milk and sprinkled with brown sugar, raisins and melon seeds, making a low cholesterol and sodium meal that’s high in dietary fibre, manganese, and selenium. With a shot of omega 3-rich cod liver oil and protein-packed skyr, you’re ready to fend off dark, icy mornings.
#2 Strange Forgotten Punishments From History
From thieves to assassins, history has had its fair share of delinquents and while we’re familiar with the concept of locking up those who perpetrate, there have been some forms of justice throughout history that weren’t so commonplace. Here’s some of the most shocking, via Listverse.
Picket – The picket was used for punishment in late medieval Europe, especially for the military, and involved criminals being suspended over a sharpened stake by their thumb or wrist. It was a ‘pick your poison’ style punishment, where resting on the stake would cause discomfort, but pulling oneself up would also cause pain.
Pitchcapping – Pitchaps were used on rebels during the 1798 Irish Rebellion. They were conical hats created from material like stiff linen, filled with boiling pitch then forced onto the suspect’s head. Some methods added gunpowder to the hat then lighting it on fire after it cooled.
Treadmills – A 19th-century punishment used mainly in British prisons, the treadmill (much like the modern-day exercise machine) was used to force prisoners to walk for 8 hours a day with occassional breaks.
Cangue – In China, the cangue was first mentioned around the 17th century and involved the offender being placed in a wooden frame that locked his neck into place so only his head appeared on the other side. The large frame prevented the offender from putting his hands to his mouth so he had to rely on others in the community to feed him and help him with daily tasks.
#3 A Unicorn Fossil Has Been Found
Think unicorns are a thing of myth and fairytale? Think again.
New research from Russia’s Tomsk State University, published in the American Journal of Applied Science, explains that scientists have located a fossilized skull from a ‘Siberian unicorn’ along with fossils from other mammals in Kazakhstan’s Pavlodar region.
But before you start believing all your childhood dreams, the animal did look more like a rhino than a traditional horse-like unicorn and at about 6 foot tall, 15 feet long and at almost 9,000 pounds, it would have been biologically closer to the size of a woolly mamonth than a horse.
The skull proves that the ‘Elasmothetrium sibiricum’ species was active on Earth only 29,000 years ago which contradicts experts’ prior belief that the creature became extinct 350,000 years ago. Scientists are now studying how the ‘unicorn’ was able to live for so long.
#4 Amazing Animals That Can Clone Themselves
While cloning has been the word on every scientist’s lips in recent years, many of us don’t realise that many animals actually have the ability to clone themselves, with no scientific influence. Here are some of the most amazing, via Listverse.
Sea Sponges – Sponges can duplicate themselves through gemmulation, a process that involves the formation of ‘gemmules’ or a group of cells that are enclosed within a protective casing. When each gemmule is provided with a food supply, it’s moved to a surface of the sponge and ejected from the adult, maturing into a new sponge.
Boa Constrictors – Once a female boa constrictor gave birth to 2 litters of young that had no trace of male DNA in them. As they were produced through parthenogensis, the entire litter was female and retained the rare colour mutation that mother constrictor exhibited. They were considered ‘half-clones’ because they carried the WW chromosome, instead of the typical ZW.
Whiptail Lizards – These 30cm lizards can reproduce asexually and many have no choice as they have twice the number of chromosomes as other Whiptail species.
Komodo Dragons – In 2006, a Komodo Dragon gave birth to four pups at London Zoo and another was expected to give birth to 8 additional babies that year. Both mothers were held in captivity and reproduced asexually. The babies were not an exact genetic match with their mother and it was found that the mother’s DNA was doubled to create the young and showed no presence of male DNA.
#5 Simple Rules Of Eating From A Personal Trainer
These days it’s hard to make dinner plans without being confronted with a fad diet. From alkaline to raw food, the lemonade cleanse, vegan, paleo and a Mediterranean diet, it all begs the question: since when did eating become so complicated? Here are some simple rules of eating, from former University of Florida football player and personal trainer, Todd McCullough, via MBG.
- Only eat food that occurs naturally in nature.
- Eat when you’re hungry – most people would eat less if they simply stayed hydrated.
- Eat food that tastes great – don’t eat cardboard, go for tons of veggies and small amounts of high-quality protein, fruit, nuts and seeds.