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Here’s Everything You Need To Know About Brogues

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Brogues have stepped a long, long way from the Scottish hills in which they used to frolic. Perfectly perforated, the OG wet-weather farm shoes have evolved into something; the punch-hole design now worn for decorative purposes — not draining water away from the marshes. In fact, it is this patterned detailing that makes brogues, well, brogues today. And, exactly why they are oh so loved by many a stylish shoe maven.

However, brogues are often overlooked by the modern gent: yes, they are more casual than formal dress shoes, and are a touch more show-y too. But, there are so many types of brogues on the market, from traditional shoemakers to luxury brands, that there’s definitely a brogue out there for you.

Making the brogue en vogue again, here’s why you should consider brogues as your next shoe purchase, how to wear them, and where to get the best ones. They aren’t all equal.

What’s In A Brogue?


Before we start talking the benefits of brogues or how to wear them, we tapped Nick Schaerf, co-founder of men’s luxury shoe store, Double Monk, to clear the sartorial air regarding the brogue.

“A brogue is distinguished by a pattern of holes punched in the leather uppers of the shoe,” says Schaerf. “Most of the punching – known as broguing – appears along the seams of the shoe, although some brogues also have a punched motif on the toe, known as a ‘medallion’.

Where Can It Appear?


There’s no ‘strictly speaking’ when talking brogues and the shoe forms they take. Today, brogues come as Oxford or Derby shoes, boots, loafers and even monk shoes, both single or double strap.

“Generally, you will find that lace up shoes or boots are more commonly brogued than monks or loafers,” says Schaerf. “This is because broguing is traditionally a country thing – originally brogues were designed for walking through the wet Scottish countryside and the holes went right through the leather so that water could escape – so it is usually found on walking shoes.”

Lately too, brogues have even taken on sneaker soles for a take on comfort that is looks dressier.

What To Look For?


Just like any other leather dress shoe, stick to full-grain leather. “This means that the full thickness of the leather has been used, and that the top surface of the leather is untouched,” says Shaerf. “You should be able to discern the fine grain of pores on the surface.”

Other constructions must-have pertain to the shoe lining and sole/heel. “You want the shoes to be lined with leather and have either a leather sole with a stacked leather heel, or a high quality rubber sole such as a Dainite or Ridgeway sole,” adds Shaerf.

Finally, the sole should be made using the Goodyear welting construction method.

Why Welt-It?


A welted brogue allows the sole to be replaced after it has worn through and can be done many times, meaning the shoe will last as long as the leather uppers remain in tact.

“The leather uppers are stretched over a piece of wood or resin called a ‘last’, which gives the shoe its shape. Then, a thin piece of leather called the ‘welt’ is sewn around the bottom edge of the uppers using the Goodyear machine. The sole is then sewn to the welt, with a layer of cork sitting between the sole and the insole,” says Schaerf.

Hand-stitching the welted sole is a more traditional and expensive way to do it given the labour involved, while Veldtschoen construction or storm welting is a variation on Goodyear welting. “This provides a little extra water resistance,” he adds. Playing in puddles? Consider the latter.

Brogue Your Options

As mentioned earlier, not all brogues are the same. Mr Schaerf was kind enough to break down each type. Learn how to speak brogue, below:

wingFull or wingtip is the style with the most broguing. Every seam is brogued, including the characteristic ‘m’ shaped ‘wingtip’ seam at the vamp of the shoe. The wingtip brogue always has a punched toe medallion.

carminaThe semi brogue usually has all of its seams brogued and also usually has a medallion on the toe. The main difference between the semi and full brogue is that the semi brogue has a straight toe cap line rather than a wingtip design.
tbA longwing is a wingtip brogue where the wingtip continues right to the back of the shoe instead of angling down towards the sole. They have no toe cap patterning either, just edge perforations. It is a classic American style.

qOn a quarter brogue only the toe cap seam is brogued. This is basically a straight cap oxford, so it is a pretty formal shoe, and is actually a favourite of many London bankers.

specThe spectator is a two tone brogue, usually a wingtip with the toe, heel and lacing in a dark colour and the rest of the shoe in a contrasting lighter tone. This was a classic style in the 1930s and 40s, where it was considered debonair and rakish: you wouldn’t want your daughter going out with a fellow in spectators.

En Brogue Style

While brogues will replace the common leather dress shoes in any given outfit, there are certain brogues that go better with specific dress codes, social settings and even certain trousers or pants, says Shaerf.


For the work suit, look to either a quarter, half or full brogue. But that depends on the colour. “For example you could get away with a light-coloured quarter brogue, but not necessarily a wingtip brogue in the same colour. A monk is a classic style option that ticks the formal box too.


formalFor a formal suit keep the shoe colour classic and brogueing minimal. “Look to black quarter brogues with a mirror shine on the toe and heel.

casualSettings where the casual suit shines, allow for the capabilities of the brogue to shine too. “Spectators are a great statement shoe, so they would look superb at events like the races or a summer wedding.”

casualSmart casual jaunts where a simply blazer and jeans is called for allows for more brogueing, and even some texture. “A semi brogue, and perhaps in suede. The advantage of the semi brogue is that it’s not too formal, but nor does it have the overtly country look of the wingtip.”

Brogue Don’ts

White tie and black tie demand straight cap oxfords as a minimum level of formality, so brogues are not appropriate. Meanwhile, wingtips and jeans heed a warning too.

“In terms of looking good, one should be careful wearing full brogues with jeans: chunky wingtips look good with jeans, but dressy ones can look dorky with denim.”

Up to speed, click through the gallery for the best brogue brands for men.


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