Tuxedo, black tie, dinner dress, 007 duds, penguin suit…whatever you call the most formal of dress codes (and we certainly hope it isn’t that last one), odds are you will never look better than when you’re dressed in this smart ensemble.
In the 1860s, men of the British middle and upper classes began easing out of the stuffy fashion formalities that had long been the accepted standard in high society. Prim and proper day wear was replaced by casual suits, and the formal evening tailcoat gave way to a simpler, shorter version. Though perhaps controversial at first, the future of the tailless jacket was assured in 1865 when the Prince of Wales ordered a blue silk smoking jacket and matching trousers from Savile Row tailors Henry Poole & Co.
Men’s fashion has come a long way from the 19th century, but black tie has never lost its charm. Trends may come and go, but a tuxedo is forever. Unfortunately, with the 21st century’s lack of occasions to dress up to this degree, many men are at a loss for how to effectively execute the look. We think that’s a damn shame, so today we’re offering a crash course in the forgotten art of donning the black tie dress code.
Definition Of The Black Tie Dress Code (And Exceptions To The Rules)
From the Duke Of Windsor in the 30s to James Bond in…well…everything James Bond has ever been in, black tie remains the standard for formal attire – which means it’s essential to get it right. Conventions of the dress code have evolved subtly over time, but if you follow certain key guidelines, you can’t help looking good.
Let’s start with the basics: what constitutes black tie in the first place? Customarily worn only for events after 6pm, black tie is less formal than the white tie/tails combo but more formal than standard suits. The basic components of black tie are: a black dinner jacket with matching trousers, an optional black formal waistcoat or cummerbund, a white formal shirt, a black bow tie, black dress socks and black formal shoes.
At its most traditional, the tuxedo is made from black wool. Satin or grosgrain facings are found on the jacket’s lapels and buttons, and a stripe or braid in matching material runs along the outseam of the trousers. Of course, traditions are made to be toyed with, so these days you’ll find black tie that is no longer black. Midnight blue is a dapper alternative, and some gents are even braving other, bolder colours. Velvet is also a popular alternative to the classic tux.
The trick here is to blend personal expression with a healthy dose of caution. Just because it looked good on the red carpet doesn’t mean it will look good on you or be appropriate for the occasion. Dress to suit your body type, your personality and, most importantly, the event you’re attending.
How To Wear The Black Tie Dress Code
Let’s break it down by the most essential pieces…
The Classic Black Tuxedo
If in doubt, choose black. Classic and elegant the black tuxedo is something every man should have in his wardrobe. Choose either peak or notch lapel, have it tailored to fit you and compliment with black leather lace up or loafers.
The Blue Tuxedo
Made famous by Mr. James Bond in Casino Royale, the blue or navy tuxedo has become a popular favourite come award season in Hollywood. If you’re done with classic black, then a navy tuxedo will make a welcome addition to your wardrobe. Don’t worry, a navy tuxedo is equally as formal as a black tuxedo.
The White Tuxedo Jacket
The white tuxedo is not fort everyone. Combined with black trousers, the white tuxedo jacket is best worn for more formal occasions and during the warmer months. If you’re thinking of wearing this to a wedding you had better check with the bridge and groom before doing so. You don’t want to be overdressed.
The Red / Burgundy Tuxedo
The burgundy or red tuxedo is fast becoming a popular option amongst men. Keep in mind you can either choose an all burgundy tuxedo or simply wear a burgundy tuxedo jacket and black trousers. Pair with black lace ups, no belt and a white shirt & pocket square.
The Green Tuxedo
A personal favourite is the green tuxedo. It’s elegant and modern at the same time. We would recommend acquiring a green velvet tuxedo jacket and pairing it with black trousers. Add a large black bow tie and you will be the belle of the ball.
The Black Tuxedo & Black Shirt Combo
Another great option when it comes to contemporary black tie variations is the black tie, black shirt and black tuxedo option. In this scenario both the bow tie and traditional ties are both acceptable. If you’re feeling vary daring you might try something like Chadwick Boseman’s no tie option above.
Know Your Black Tie & Tuxedo Basics
Tuxedos & Dinner Jackets
The jacket should be wool or velvet, with no vents and satin or grosgrain lapels. Both single- and double-breasted varieties are acceptable, but the former is currently more popular. A peak lapel is the most formal and traditional option, but a shawl collar can be a polished, chic alternative if you get the proportions right. A notched lapel should only make appearances on your more casual suits.
Black Tie / Tuxedo Shirts
In general, opt for a turn down collar over a wing collar, which is better suited for white tie. The front can be plain for a clean-cut look, pleated, or Marcella (a subtly textured fabric made up of small diamond shapes). If you’re going the pleated route, make sure they’re tight and neat or you run the risk of looking like you’re wearing ruffles. Either a fly front (concealed buttons) or French placket (buttons on show) is acceptable. Cuffs should always be double.
Black Tie Neckwear
You are a grown-up – master the art of tying a bowtie. There is no excuse for resorting to one of those clip-on abominations. As the name suggests, your bowtie should be black (break the rule if you dare). Matching the material of your bowtie to the facing of the suit is the best route for beginners, but sartorial superstars can pull off a mix of textures. Barathea silk, a matte-finish alternative to shinier silks, will add a more traditional, sharper finish to your outfit.
Your trousers should be the same material as your jacket, unless you’ve opted for a velvet jacket. Matching velvet is a good look for no one. They should have plain hemmed bottoms – no turn-ups – with a single braid down the side. A higher waisted trouser is well-suited to wearing with a waistcoat, but is a more old-fashioned look. Those with contemporary tastes can find lower, slim-leg dinner trousers with stripes down the side in place of the braids. Pleats have largely fallen out of style in favour of flat fronts. Look for side pockets that are in line with the stripe/braid, as it looks neater, and no belt loops.
Black Tie / Tuxedo Shoes
The traditional accompaniment to a dinner suit is evening shoes – pumps with a satin or silk bow on the top – but gentleman who can pull off that look nowadays are few and far between. Simple black patent leather lace-ups (no broguing!) are now the shoes of choice.
Black Tie Accessories
Waist covering – either a black cummerbund or a black waistcoat – is optional. If going for the cummerbund, make sure the pleats are facing up and that the material matches the bowtie and lapels. If going for the waistcoat, both single- or double-breasted styles are available. A low-cut evening waistcoat is the most traditional choice. A pocket square or silk scarf adds an extra something special to your formalwear, and don’t pass up the opportunity to tastefully bling-out your outfit with clean-cut, timeless, elegant cufflinks.
Black Tie FAQ
For your first pair, a silver or gold pair of cufflinks is a good choice. The rule in wearing them is simple – they must match the color of your belt buckle, as well as your wristwatch. Most bowties go along with average men's neck sizes, so sizing should not be a problem. Still, the most common lengths for bow ties are between 38 to 50 centimeters (15 to 20 inches). For practical reasons, you should always wear suspenders with your tuxedo. A traditional tuxedo pants do not have belt loops, so you need to wear suspenders to secure them on your waist.
What color should my cufflinks be?
What size bow tie do I need?
Should I wear suspenders with a tuxedo?
For your first pair, a silver or gold pair of cufflinks is a good choice. The rule in wearing them is simple – they must match the color of your belt buckle, as well as your wristwatch.
Most bowties go along with average men's neck sizes, so sizing should not be a problem. Still, the most common lengths for bow ties are between 38 to 50 centimeters (15 to 20 inches).
For practical reasons, you should always wear suspenders with your tuxedo. A traditional tuxedo pants do not have belt loops, so you need to wear suspenders to secure them on your waist.